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Field Walking Sixteens Acre field, Great Bowden

Date field walked: 6th November 2011

Location. The field lies within Great Bowden parish near the northern boundary. The name Sixteens Acre denotes the removal of a hedge between two 16 acre fields. The field is now 32 acres.  Before the field walking took place the field had been shallow ploughed and the oil seed rape crop was already growing. The soil was very dry.  The field is to the east of a pasture showing remaining ridge and furrow earthworks.  it slopes down towards the south.  These fields were part of the North or Galou field of the Great Bowden open fields. It may have been converted to pasture after Enclosure and ploughed up again during World War II

Associated documents: There are no associated documents but the farmer said the whole farm had been metal detected in the past.

Method Twenty-five traverses at intervals of 20 metres were walked starting at the north-west corner of the field.  Walking in an approximate north to south direction.  Stints were at 30 metre intervals. A metal detecting survey was also carried out.

Note.  The finds from this session were disappointing.  Conditions were not good and more finds from the medieval period would have been expected. This is the first field from the North Field of the open field system we have walked and further field walking in the north of the parish may reveal whether this is abnormal, or that these more remote fields had less manure spread and therefore less pottery deposited.

Finds:
Prehistoric = 6 flints
Roman = 4 sherds (greyware and colour coat)
Early medieval and medieval = 12 sherds (Stamford ware, Bourne ware, Sandyware, Cistercian ware, Lyveden Stanion oolitic limestone ware)
Early post medieval and post medieval = 38 sherds (earthenwares including pancheons, mottled ware, blue and white ware, Midland Black and stoneware)
Modern, white and blue and white sherds not counted.

Metal Detecting Sixteens Acre, Great Bowden -  6th November 2011
The metal detecting was carried out 2 weeks after field walking. Each detectorist was given a separate section of the field to survey.
Finds:
Heavy iron weight with loop at the top: weight = 1770 gms total length 22.5 cms - (Finds Liaison Officer comment - undiagnostic)
Part of Iron plough.  Farmer thinks this may have come from a Ferguson tractor from 1930s-1940s. If the field was first ploughed during WWII this may have come from early ploughing in 1940s.
Alloy stirrup- (FLO comment - post medieval probably 18-19th century.
Mid 17th century silver (?) cuff link button commemorating Restoration of Charles II.   Metal button 2.5 cm diameter found in adjacent field north of 16S Acre. (FLO comment - 18th century ‘Dandy’ button)
Small twisted lead strip - (FLO comment - undiagnostic)
Triangular fragment, probably from iron plough.
Bent iron rod 5-6mm diameter, corroded (FLO comment - undiagnostic)